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  1. A person who applies for an instrument rating must:

    1. You must hold at least a Private Pilot Certificate.

    2. You must be able to read, speak, write and understand English.

    3. You must receive Instrument ground instruction.

    4. You must hold a current medical certificate.

    5. You must pass a written examination with a score of 70% or better.

  2. Person who applies for an instrument rating must have received and logged ground training on the following aeronautical knowledge areas that apply to the instrument rating sought,

    1. FAR’s that apply to flight operations under IFR.

    2. Appropriate information that applies to flight operations under IFR in the “Aeronautical Information Manual”.

    3. ATC system and procedures for instrument flight operations.

    4. IFR navigation and approaches by use of navigation systems.

    5. Use of IFR en route and instrument approach procedure charts.

    6. Procurement and use of aviation weather reports and forecasts and the elements of forecasting weather trends based on that information and personal observation of weather conditions.

    7. Safe and efficient operation of aircraft under instrument flight rules and conditions.

    8. Recognition of critical weather situations and winds hear avoidance.

    9. Aeronautical decision making and judgment.

    10. Crew resource management.

  3. A person who applies for an instrument rating must receive and log training from an authorized instructor in an aircraft that include the following areas of operation:

    1. Preflight preparation and procedures.

    2. ATC clearances and procedures.

    3. Flight by reference to instruments.

    4. Navigation systems.

    5. Instrument approach procedures.

  4. A person who applies for Instrument rating must have logged

    1. 50 hours of cross-country flight time as pilot in command, of which 10 hours must have been in an airplane and

    2. Forty hours of actual or simulated instrument time in the areas of operation listed in section (c) of this section, of which 15 hours must have been received from an authorized instructor who holds an instrument rating, and the instrument time includes:

      1. A flight of 250 nautical miles along airways or by directed routing from an air traffic control facility

      2. An instrument approach at each airport

      3. Three different kinds of approaches with the use of navigation systems.

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